A World Bank study based on a simulation model that allowed combining variables such as economic growth, poverty, inequality and education of the Labor Force shows that in the region one of the most significant factors that perpetuate bias is the distribution of budgets in school, which would tend to privilege the growth of contributions to university education to the detriment of basic training. The study concludes by projecting the variables in the current growth rate of Latin America during the next ten years; there will be two more poor people per minute. Only an accelerated increase in training in human capital can quickly pull the region out of poverty. This implies quality universal primary education for all young people in the next 20 years.
This would be one of the references that former Minister of Finance Mr. Aninat had in his hands, when after the re-evaluation of the Program to Overcome Poverty promoted by the government of President Eduardo Frei, it was decided to “focus efforts on overcoming the poverty in education “, allocating resources to increase the school days and improve the teaching staff.
However, we all know that in education significant transformations are needed to overcome the levels of inequality in which public school in the USA develops concerning private education.
The educational reform is meaning new opportunities for Social Workers, in the coordination of prevention programs, in the actions of Mental Health in education, in the implementation of new forms of school retention, expansion and diversification of social benefits for students, in end is a process still unfinished, and we know, the educational reform will not be without the participation of all professionals, the attorneys, society as a whole.
The extension of the school day, the programmatic transformation, the improvement of teachers are a significant effort, but they can not replace a coordinated work in other areas of social development.
The centralization of the strategy against poverty in education arises when it is evident that the efforts of coordination of the fight against poverty carried out by Mideplan with Minister Maira, were not giving results, then, Minister Sergio Pizarro, who replaces to the renounced Minister, tries to articulate a set of programs creating real public “Consortiums”, in which the programs were directed by plenipotentiary representatives of the different ministries involved. Thus arises among other programs, to name the most typical of this period the “USA Barrio,” however, In practice, it initially suffers from similar coordination difficulties that the policies of the concentration of public investment in priority communes due to poverty. The scale of the intervention had been changed, but coordination difficulties were not. What is in part, in the substratum of many of the inefficiencies of the public apparatus, is related to the fact that governments accede to multiparty coalitions without a service culture centered on people instead of on political relations, generating too much noise at the moment. to decide who “cuts the tapes.”
It can be seen that the central and local processes have not been adequately coupled to respond to the specific needs of specific territories and groups. Social Workers know about these articulations, we have experienced the divorce between the items of resources and the real strategic needs of overcoming poverty for the groups and territories with which we work. Somehow we also know about the accounting rigidity, the controls and the infinite repetition of the same solutions often evaluated as insufficient.